UAE, Azerbaijan, Brazil announces climate "troika" to cap global warming at 1.5ºC

The global community remains on course to experience a temperature increase ranging from 2.5 to 2.9 degrees Celsius throughout the 21st century, as per estimations by the United Nations.

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In a joint effort, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Azerbaijan, and Brazil have announced the formation of a "troika" to advocate for an international agreement aimed at restricting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Azerbaijan will host this year's summit, with Brazil following in 2025, after the UAE hosted the COP28 conference in Dubai last year. The three countries will work together to develop a roadmap to achieve the crucial climate goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which is in jeopardy due to rising global greenhouse gas emissions. This goal has 198 signatories to the Dubai agreement.

COP28 President Sultan Al Jaber emphasized the significance of the troika in ensuring collaborative efforts and sustained focus on the target of 1.5°C, spanning from Baku to Belem and beyond.

Despite existing climate pledges, current projections suggest that global warming will continue, leading to a temperature rise of 2.5 to 2.9 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, according to assessments by the UN. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that the 1.5-degree Celsius limit could be surpassed between 2030 and 2035.

The final agreement established at COP28 stipulates that the troika collaboration should substantially enhance international cooperation and create a conducive international environment to spur ambition in the forthcoming round of nationally determined contributions. The aim is to amplify action and implementation during this pivotal decade and ensure that the 1.5°C target remains attainable, as outlined in the agreement.

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